1 edition of Economic and policy implications of proposed arms sales or transfers to the Persian Gulf found in the catalog.
Economic and policy implications of proposed arms sales or transfers to the Persian Gulf
Gilbert, James Riley, II
1988 by Naval Postgraduate School, Available from the National Technical Information Service in Monterey, Calif, Springfield, Va .
Written in English
Presidents Carter and Reagan each established a new United States policy to govern sales or transfers of conventional arms to foreign nations. President Carter called for stricter controls and an overall reduction in arms transfers to foreign nations. President Reagan believed that arms transfers to friends and allies strengthened the United States position in the world. This thesis analyzes the success of both arms transfer policies in the Persian Gulf by comparing the dollar amount and type of equipment actually transferred against the formal Congressional Notifications (Arms Export Control Act section 36b). Further, it examines proposed arms sales and transfer with respect to strategic access of the Persian Gulf. Finally, it examines employment and financial impacts of the Foreign Military Sales program on the United States economy. Theses. (FR)
|Statement||by James Riley Gilbert, II|
|Contributions||Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi , 160 p. :|
|Number of Pages||160|
China's arms sales have become the focus of considerable attention and pose a moderate threat to U.S. interests. Although Chinese sales have fallen in recent years, and Beijing has become more responsible in the transfer of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) technologies, much progress will be needed to curtail China's behavior. The economy of the Middle East is very diverse, with national economies ranging from hydrocarbon-exporting rentiers to centralized socialist economies and free-market economies. The region is best known for oil production and export, which significantly impacts the entire region through the wealth it generates and through labor utilization. Mr. Nicholas Hopton, is the UK ambassador to Tehran and last Thursday, Mehr News International Service correspondent Maryam Khormaei asked him about a host of issues including Britain’s regional aspirations as well as security order in the Middle East and the way Brexit would affect business especially the arms trade to the Persian Gulf states. A recent Senate hearing on the implications of China’s role in Africa, for instance, concluded that the United States is ceding both its economic and political leadership in Africa. Led by Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE), the panel urged the United States to respond by expanding trade and investments in Africa while defending its democratization agenda.
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Further, it examines proposed arms sales and transfer with respect to strategic access of the Persian Gulf. Finally, it examines employment and financial impacts of the Foreign Military Sales program on the United States economy.
: Gilbert, James Riley, Ii. Further, it examines proposed arms sales and transfer with respect to strategic access of the Persian Gulf. Finally, it examines employment and financial impacts of the Foreign Military Sales program on the United States : Approved for public release; distribution is unlimitedPresidents Carter and Reagan each established a new United States policy to govern sales or transfers of conventional arms to foreign nations.
President Carter called for stricter controls and an overall reduction in arms transfers to foreign : II James Riley Gilbert. The Militarization of the Persian Gulf An Economic Analysis The Persian Gulf is arguably the most militarized region in the world. The authors of this insightful book examine military expenditures, arms imports and military deployment to analyze how and why this came to be.
Muslim teachings have much to say about peace, war and economics. ARMS SALES control challenge?arms sales are foreign policy writ large. ii A number of trends combine to give arms sales greater saliency. The first is the sheer increase in the quantity of weapons being supplied.
Arms transfers worldwide have more than doubled in the past decade, from $ billion in to over $20 billion in. The US already has proposed important arms transfer programs to strengthen its partnership with Saudi Arabia and the UAE. As is the case with every friendly regional state, the US should make such arms transfer an effective part of friendly forces, show it is a reliable source of training and support, and emphasize building up host country capabilities to lead.
To set the stage for how the discovery of oil, its production, and its sales have affected the countries of the Persian Gulf, it may be helpful to begin with a simple collage of how these countries appeared at the beginning of the twentieth century and in the period before oil revenues started to flow.
What were the states of institutions, political structure, foreign involvement and societal edifice, and economic conditions Author: Hossein Askari. bomber task force to the Persian Gulf region.8 Onthe Trump Administration notified Congress of immediate foreign Economic and policy implications of proposed arms sales or transfers to the Persian Gulf book sales and proposed export licenses for direct commercial sales of defense articles—training, equipment, and weapons—with a.
Following the Cold War’s end, U.S. arms transfer policy has been based on maintaining or the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years. Relationships between arms suppliers and circumstances. Whereas the principal motivation for arms sales by key foreign suppliers in earlier years might have been to support a foreign policy File Size: 1MB.
Arms Sales in the Middle East: Trends and Analytical Perspectives for U.S. Policy. Congressional Research Service. Summary This report analyzes state-to-state arms sales in the Economic and policy implications of proposed arms sales or transfers to the Persian Gulf book East with a particular focus on U.S.
transfers, as authorized and reviewed by Size: 1MB. States proposed arms transfers to the Persian Gulf under the Arns Transfer Policy Directive of 2) The Republican Administrations (fiscal years ) under President Reagan promoted Economic and policy implications of proposed arms sales or transfers to the Persian Gulf book increase in United States proposed arms transfers in the Persian under the Arms Transfer Policy Directive of July 8, Author: Gilbert, James Riley, Ii.
The Naval Arms Trade. This book offers a sober appraisal of the world trade in naval weapon systems at a time when recent attacks on merchant shipping in the Persian Gulf have kept maritime security at the centre of global attention.
For a time, Bush was considered unbeatable because of foreign policy developments such as the end of the Cold War and the Persian Gulf War.
The phrase, a slight variation on a phrase created by Bill Clinton's campaign strategist James Carville, refers to the notion that Clinton was a better choice because Bush had not adequately addressed the. In book: 4th International Conference on Nanotechnologies and Biomedical Engineering, pp Economic and Policy Implications of Proposed Arms Sales or Transfers to the Persian Gulf.
36 Septem LIMITING ARMS SALES AND THE IRANIAN A WACS PROPOSAL INTRODUCTION The proposed sale of AWACS* to Iran has focused attention on the new policy of President Carter's limiting the sales of sale destroys ility of the President's entire policy others contend that it simply acknowledges the complications involved in.
But the implications of the April 19 memorandum are far more momentous, because it commits the federal government to actively facilitating arms sales to Author: Loren Thompson. In Qatar, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia, too, diversification has been a central, yet largely unrealized, development goal since the s.
Even the United Arab Emirates’ economy, one of the most diversified in the Gulf, is highly dependent on oil by: 1. Further, it examines proposed arms sales and transfer with respect to strategic access of the Persian Gulf. Finally, it examines employment and financial impacts of the Foreign Military Sales Author: Regine.
Heubaum. United States arms sales to the Persian Gulf: Report of a study mission to Iran, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia, May, pursuant to H.
Res. [Du Pont, Pierre S.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. United States arms sales to the Persian Gulf: Report of a study mission to Iran, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia, May Author: Pierre S.
Du Pont. The oil-exporting countries of the Persian Gulf have failed economically and socially. It is time for a radical new approach to managing oil revenues while oil and gas reserves last.
We propose an approach to cut the level of oil revenues available to governments to zero while incorporating a formal "Oil Fund for All Generations". This report is entitled Military Spending and Arms Sales in the Gulf: How the Arab Gulf States Now Dominate the Changes in the Military Balance, and is available on the CSIS web site here.
It provides a wide range of tables and charts describing the patterns in military spending and arms transfers both in comparative dollar terms and by major weapons system and transfer of.
The Saudi arms sale will not buy much security in the long run in the Persian Gulf. But there are no good reasons not to sell the Saudis those weapons, and there are some potentially positive.
moving away from Nixon's foreign policy. working for arms control. arms sales to Iran. a terrorist attack on a Berlin nightclub. the seizing of American hostages in Lebanon. The Persian Gulf War began with a chemical weapons attack. sustained combat on the ground.
U.S. concerns about the impact of these potentially large arms transfers on Persian Gulf stability led the United States to press Russia to put a halt to them.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin pledged to do so in September ; this commitment was formalized in an agreement between Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and U.S. Vice. "The AWACS Sale: Prospects for U.S, Policy" the authority to review any proposed arms-sale valued at more than $25 million.
the terms of the Arms Export Control Act, originall y enacted as. No other foreign policy issue has created as large a rift between Mr. Trump and Congress, and the move on the arms sales, which could. The recent surge in U.S. arms transfers to the Middle East is part of an unprecedented boom in major U.S.
arms sales that has been presided over by the Obama administration. In President Obama’s first six years in office, new agreements under the Pentagon’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program – the largest channel for U.S.
weapons exports – totaled over $ billion. Controlling Conventional Arms Transfers. A New Approach with Application to the Persian Gulf This report presents a methodology and a practical approach to the control of conventional arms transfers that link United States policy on such transfers to U.S.
national and regional interests and strategy. The phase of the research documented Author: Ken Watman, Marcy Agmon, Charles Wolf.
The primary concern of this research is to reassess the British foreign policy, focusing on its military withdrawal in from the Persian Gulf and its return in The Persian Gulf, as a region of geo-strategic importance, has always been at the center of attention for the UK and other great world powers.
This study will therefore attempt to answer the following question: Author: Hessameddin Vaez-Zadeh, Reza Javadi. President George W Bush announced during his recent Middle East trip that he is formally serving notice to Congress of his administration’s decision to approve the sale of bomb-guidance kits to Saudi Arabia.
This announcement follows notification on five other arms deals to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates. The sources of instability in the Gulf are many and their regional impact rarely follows a concentric pattern. Challenges to the security of the area are often precipitated by a composite of domestic, regional and international factors that encompass ideological, economic and social grievances which both evoke and respond to the involvement of Author: Serge Herzog.
u.s. policy and the persian gulf war The border that Iraq and Kuwait shared in the Middle East had been a long-time focus of tension between the two countries. Kuwait was a part of the Ottoman Empire in the 18th Century until it received British protection in return for autonomy in local affairs in Israel's influential allies in America, while supporting President Bush's proposed arms sales to Saudi Arabia so far, are becoming increasingly concerned.
US to sell $60 billion in advanced arms to Saudi Arabia were not pleased with the proposed sales but would not try to prevent them. defence policies in the Persian Gulf as Iran improves. Saudi Arabia is a key U.S.
ally in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia's security forces have relied on U.S. equipment, training, and service support for decades, officially as a counterbalance to Iranian military influence in the region, and to help protect the Kingdom from extremist attacks. Between andSaudi Arabia was the destination for nearly 10% of all U.S.
arms exports. CAPS and the Study of the PLA: A Review Essay captured vividly the dramatic changes in China’s arms transfers policies, highlighting the shifting calculus of Chinese foreign policy, and the regional implications of China’s increasing involvement in weapons sales, with particular attention to sales in the Persian Gulf.
Domestic and. In the s, Congress passed legislation heightening congressional review over arms sales, culminating in the Arms Export Control Act (AECA). According to contemporary sources, one motivation for the AECA was congressional concern over U.S.
arms sales to the Persian Gulf (including Saudi Arabia, pre-revolution Iran and Kuwait). Those. Full text of "U.S. Military sales to Iran: a staff report" See other formats. The five argued that sales to countries in the Middle East and Persian Gulf, accounting for roughly 33 percent of all international arms transfers, "help promote an arms race and raise tensions in a region characterized by instability." Further, the five wrote, this arms race "is absorbing resources badly needed for regional economic development.".
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pdf For example, U.S. arms transfers cost the Israelis two to three times their value in maintenance, spare parts, training of personnel, and related expenses. It drains their economy and increases their dependency on the United States.
The implications of these ongoing arms purchases are ominous on several levels.Carlos Osorio, editor. The Download pdf war () was one of a series of crises during an era of upheaval in the Middle East: revolution in Iran, occupation of the U.S.
embassy in Tehran by militant students, invasion of the Great Mosque in Mecca by anti-royalist Islamicists, the Soviet Union's occupation of Afghanistan, and internecine fighting among Syrians, Israelis, and .of international relations ebook the Persian Gulf, in the larger Middle East, and beyond.
Perhaps one of the ebook striking features of the international relations of the Persian Gulf is its securitization. For a variety of reasons, ranging from the nature of political rule within each of the countries of the region to the ways in.